Introduction to MBTI Myers Briggs Personality Type Indicator. For high school and college students, knowing your personality type can help you understand your strengths and challenges, as well as your preferred styles of learning, conflict management, leadership, teamwork, and personal relationships. Knowing your type can help you select courses, extracurricular activities, and summer plans. It can even help you improve your study habits!
The MBTI is the leading personality assessment tool in the world. The MBTI is based on the research of psychoanalyst Carl Jung, who first theorized that individuals are born with a personality type that is independent of culture, circumstance or family influence. This assessment tool indicates your innate type, and does not measure intelligence, aptitude or maturity.
Your unique MBTI type represents your preferences on four personality scales:
|Extraversion (E) or Introversion (I)||Source of Energy and Stimulation|
|Sensing (S) or Intuition (N)||Ways of Perceiving and Taking in Information|
|Thinking (T) or Feeling (F)||Ways of Deciding and Evaluating Information|
|Judgment (J) or Perception (P)||Lifestyle Preferences|
There are 16 distinct personality types that result from the interaction of these four dimensions, for example ENFJ or ISTP. Each type has a unique way of seeing the world and interacting with the world, with correspondingly different interests, reactions, values, motivations and skills.
The Influence of Personality on How You Make Decisions. The first and last letters of your MBTI can help you to become aware of how you make decisions themselves; your decision-making strengths, as well as your decision making challenges. These dimensions govern, for example, the way you might explore potential courses and majors. EJ types, for example, are often considered the most decisive: they want to choose a path quickly and proceed toward their goals. They seek to develop a sense of purpose, and will proceed methodically and efficiently in that direction. At the other end of the spectrum are the IP types, who wait to make a decision until they can consider all the options available to them. They often change their minds, and prefer that way; for them, a career path is an ongoing journey.
Being aware of your decision making style can help you to make decisions at your pace, as well as help you to avoid the pitfalls associated with each type. The EJs for example, may run into trouble if they make a decision too quickly, and only later realize they do not possess the skill-sets or interests necessary in their chosen field; sometimes EJs need to slow down and collect more information. IPs, on the other hand, sometimes need to push themselves to make a decision, lest they slip into a pattern of hesitation and uncertainty.
The “Heart” of Personality Type and the Impact on Your Career Choices. The two middle letters of your type are considered “the heart of type” and are known as your “functions.” They represent the way you gather information, and then use that information to make decisions. This interaction is particularly indicative, as it often correlates with specific fields of study. And while it is important to note that each type can be successful in any career or field or study, knowing which areas tend to correlate most with your type may help guide your journey through high school, college… and life! For example:
- People who have an “ST” personality type use the Sensing function to gather information and the Thinking function to make decisions. STs are often the most practical and hands on types, excelling as engineers and accountants, or pursuing a skilled trade.
- People who have an “NF” personality type use the Intuition function to gather information and the Feeling function to make decisions. NFs may tend toward creative professions in art, music and writing, or may make use of their emotional awareness as counselors and educators.
How to Understand Your Personality Type. Verifying and interpreting your MBTI personality type requires a consultation with a Certified Practitioner. Collegiate Gateway works closely with clients to integrate the knowledge gleaned about personality and interests to help clients tap into their strengths and preferences to achieve their personal, educational and career goals.